Ways to Detect, Treat and Avoid Termite Infestation
There are different types of insects that destroy wood and timber in many households such as carpenter ants, wood-boring beetles and carpenter bees. But the most common insects Mulching Melbourne that many homeowners complain about are termites. They can damage different wood furniture in your house including your desks, bed frames, book shelves cabinets and even the siding of your house and ruin the value, integrity and beauty of your home. This is why almost $2 billion are spent on termite prevention and treatment in the United States. They should not be allowed to tunnel freely through your home otherwise, you will be spending more money on untimely repairs.
Termites require moisture to survive. They thrive on damp soil where they generally build nests or a series of underground and connected nests. The termites create tunnels and mud tubes which they use to reach food (wooden parts of your home) and bring it back to their colony.
Signs of Infestation
If you suspect that you have unwanted guests in your home, it is necessary to conduct a thorough inspection and act as soon as an infestation is confirmed. Here is a list of things that will tell you if you have a termite problem. However, it is highly recommended that you contact a professional to detect an infestation that may be hidden from plain sight.
1. Tunnels – Mud tunnels located inside the house are strong indications of termite infestation. Termites travel back and forth through these tunnels in search of food and water.
2. Swarm – The presence of a swarm or flying ants inside your home is a warning that there are termites nearby. A swarm is composed of adult male and female termites that leave their colony to form a new one. This happens when a termite colony already grew at a certain size.
3. Wings – Wings that are left by the swarm inside your house especially near the window sills is another sign of infestation.
4. Damaged Wood – One of the clearest signs of a termite problem is damaged wood. Tap a suspected damaged wood with a hammer. If you hear a dull thud or a hollow sound, it means that most of its parts have already been eaten by termites. Look into the surface of wood using a pen knife. You will see tunnels of mud in place of what is supposed to be solid wood. Small holes on wood are also a warning that you have uninvited guests inside your house.
Treatment for Termites
There are three kinds of treatment that are typically used for the eradication of common subterranean termites, the liquid treatment, the bait system and fumigation.
1. The liquid treatment is the cheapest and oldest remedy available to get rid of termite infestation. The chemical solution is poured into the top soil of the yard. It acts as a barrier to stop termites from invading your home. The chemical on the soil lasts for a couple of years and prevents future termite problems.
2. The second termite remedy is the bait system. This allows the termites to bore into wood that is treated with pesticide. The termites will bring the wood bait back to its colony and eventually kill all the termites. Unlike the liquid treatment which takes effect upon contact, the bait system is aimed at destroying the entire colony.
3. Fumigation can be a quite expensive solution for possible termite problems and must be done by a professional to ensure safety and effectiveness. It involves putting a tent over the damaged structure, pumping the fume and evacuating all the members of the household before dropping the bomb.
Ways to Prevent a Termite Problem
As the saying goes, prevention is better than cure. The same goes with a termite attack. Here are some tips to prevent a possible termite trouble.
Make sure that you place all wooden parts of the foundation of your house at least 6 inches above the ground soil.
Lessen or avoid using wood mulch near the foundation.
Do not let leave dead trees, roots or stumps lying near your home’s structure. Remove any type of wood debris and other form boards.
Avoid storing paper, firewood or lumber in the crawl space or against the foundation.
Properly ventilate the crawl space. Poor ventilation creates a moist condition needed by termites to survive.
Always keep your basement dry.
If possible, use durable wood or timber for any wooden parts of your house. There are certain types of wood that are known to be highly resistant to rotting and termite attacks.